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高三英语 Module 9 Unit 4 Task 2

牛津高中英语教学设计

单  元:Unit 4 Behind beliefs

板  块:Task 2

Teaching aims:

   After the second period of learning for Task, the students will be able to further improve their listening, speaking, reading and wring abilities by participating in some interactive activities. They will learn how to use certain expressions to tell about cultural differences and how to write a story about a legendary person. At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to write a story about Father Christmas.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1    Revision

1. Have a revision of the expressions used to describe a legendary person.

Expressions used to describe a legendary person:

•    He/she is said/supposed to …

•    He/She is known/described as …

•    People believe that …

•    According to the stories, he/she …

•    Apparently, he/she …

•    I have heard that he/she … 

 

2. Pair Work

Tell a legendary story about Father Christmas in pairs, with the expressions used to describe a legendary person. Your story needs to cover the following aspects: (PPT5)

•    What he looks like

•    Where he lives

•    Who his friends are

•    What he does

•    Interesting facts

•    St Nicholas

 

Story telling: A sample story about Father Christmas

 

What he looks like

Father Christmas is said/supposed to be a happy, fat man with long white hair and a long white beard, dressed in a suit with a black belt and the same color boots.

 

Where he lives

According to the legends, Father Christmas lives near the North Pole.

 

Who his friends are

I have heard that Father Christmas have elves, which help make toys. Apparently, Father Christmas has 12 reindeer and they help deliver the presents.

 

What he does

Father Christmas is known as the person who goes down chimneys and places presents in stockings, in front of the Christmas tree, by children’s bed or by the fireplace.

 

Interesting facts

According to the legends, Father Christmas was usually drawn wearing green before a famous advertisement used a picture of him wearing red in 1931.

 

St Nicholas

The story of Father Christmas is based on St Nicholas. I have heard that St Nicholas came from a village called Myra in Turkey. According to the legend, he is pictured as a tall and thin man with no beard and wearing traditional clothes. People believe he is one of the most popular figures in Christianity because he is said to be kind, merciful and generous. The origin of his coming down the chimney is said to …

 

[Explanation]

通过上一堂课所学有关描述传说中人物的句型,并马上运用于讲述圣诞老人的传说故事实践中,使学生在进一步巩固所学内容的同时,提高了说的能力。学生在这一部分所讲述的圣诞老人的故事,其实就是最后一部分的写作内容。在这时,学生已经完成了Task的绝大部分写作任务,只是还没落实到笔头而已。

 

Skills Building 2: asking about cultural differences

1. Learn the structures used to ask about cultural differences

•    Is/Are … the same everywhere?

•    What is/are … called in each country?

•    Which … is/are different in each country?

•    How is/are … different in each country? 

 

2. Practice

Ask questions about “customs about Christmas” or “Father Christmas” with the structures above.

e.g. the custom(s) about Christmas→

Is the custom about Christmas the same everywhere? 

 

Practice :

(the) custom(s) about Christmas →

•    Is/ Are … the same everywhere?

•    Which … is/are different in each country?

•    How is/ are … different in each country?

       Father Christmas →

What is/are … called in each country?  

 

Examples

•    Are the customs about Christmas the same everywhere?

•    Which custom about Christmas is different in each country?

•    How are the customs about Christmas different in each country?

•    What is Father Christmas called in each country?

[Explanation]

学生通过该部分内容的学习,将了解并学会使用一些固定的短语或句型来询问文化差异。在该部分设计的口头操练练习中,学生将可以对他们所学的知识做到当堂巩固消化,提高了课堂效率,同时很好地训练了学生的口语能力(speaking ability)。

 

 

3. finding out about different Christmas traditions

(1) Raise two questions first.

Q1: What are the names for Father Christmas in different countries?

Q2: When does he deliver presents in different countries?

Then present pictures of Father Christmas in different countries and let the students explore  different names for Father Christmas in different countries. Let the students answer the firs question.

The answer to Q1 is as follows:

In Germany, Father Christmas is called Christmas Man. In France, he is called Father Christmas. In Russia, he is called Father Frost or Grandfather Frost. In Sweden, people call him Christmas Brownie, and people call him Santa Claus in Netherlands. In the UK, he is called Father Christmas while in the USA, people call him Santa Claus.

 

After that, ask the students to answer the second question.

Q: When is he supposed to deliver presents in different countries?

A: In many European countries, he delivers presents/ gifts to children on 5 December, the eve of his festival day, or 6 December. In the UK and the USA, the gifts come on Christmas Eve, 24 December.

 

(2) Role-play

You want to know about the different names for Father Christmas in different countries. You ask a friend who travels a lot for the information. Role-play with a partner and switch roles when you are finished.

Student 1: Ask about the different names for Father Christmas and when he delivers presents in each country, with the structures in Skills building 2. 

Student 2: Use the related information to answer your partner’s questions.

 

[Explanation]

学生在该部分内容的学习中,主要通过自我探索发现有关圣诞节习俗在不同国家的差异,特别是有关圣诞老人的称呼在不同国家的差异,和不同国家认同的圣诞夜来临时间的差异。在该部分设计的口头操练练习中,学生将可以对他们所学的知识做到当堂巩固消化,提高了课堂效率。所以该部分的教学既可以很好地训练学生的口语能力(speaking ability), 也为最后的写作任务中other interesting facts 部分的写作打好了基础。

 

Skills Building 3: writing a story about a legendary figure

 

1. Tell the students things to be covered/written about in their stories.

Things to be covered in your story

 

identity

who he is

appearance

what he looks like

personality

the different aspects of his character, like being kind…

occupation

what he does

origin

who he is based on

other interesting facts

e.g., favorite food, friends, different names, when to deliver presents…

2. Teach opening sentence structures

Opening sentence structures

•    I am going to tell you a story about … I am sure you have all heard about…

•    Well, I am going to tell you a story about him/ her.

3. Give tips for writing a legendary story about Father Christmas

Tips for writing a legendary story about Father Christmas

•    Use the information we have learned about Father Christmas in Steps1 and 2.

•    You can use most of the story we practised at the beginning of this period today.

•    Use the Expressions used to describe a legendary person where possible.

4. Share your story

5. Provide a possible version:

                          Father Christmas

•    Opening sentence

    I am going to tell you a story about a legendary figure.

•    Identity 

   He is known as Father Christmas.

•    Appearance

   He is said/ supposed to be a happy, fat man with long white hair and a long white beard, dressed in a suit with a black belt and the same color boots.

•    Personality

   People believe he is one of the most popular figures in Christianity because he is said to be kind, merciful and generous.  According to the legends, he loves children and helps their dreams come true.

•    Occupation

   I’ve heard that on Christmas Eve, Father Christmas goes down chimneys and places presents in stockings, in front of the Christmas tree, by children’s bed or by the fireplace.

•    Origin

   The story of Father Christmas is said/ supposed to be based on St Nicholas, the bishop of a village called Myra in Turkey over 1,600 years ago. He was made into a saint and later became one of the most popular figures in Christianity.

•    Other interesting facts

    Father Christmas has different names in different countries. In Germany, he is said/ supposed to be called Christmas Man, while in Sweden, he is called Christmas Brownie, and in the Netherlands and the USA, he is called Santa Claus. He is shown as wearing a long red robe in France and Russia.

    In many European countries, Father Christmas gives gifts to children on 5 December, the eve of his festival day, or 6 December. In the UK and the USA, the gifts come on Christmas Eve, which is 24 December.

[Explanation]

学生在该部分的学习中,将会掌握写一个传说中的人物的故事该如何开头,及该在故事中写哪几个方面。由于学生在Task的第一课时和第二课时的听、说、读、写等几个方面的训练,此刻写作所需语言知识的储备已经基本到位,只需把前面所学内容串起来就行了。老师在学生与大家分享他们的故事的时候,要注意绝大部分学生在哪些句型表达上还存在问题,并作出及时的纠正。最后提供的范文若课堂时间来不及,可在课后让同学看一遍,但不能留在学生手里,因为在回家作业中他们将被要求修改他们的文章并誊写在作文本上交起来。

 

Homework

1. Proof-read your legendary story about Father Christmas and write it down in your composition exercise-books. You need to hand it in tomorrow.

 2. Find some magazines or newspapers which tell about historic religious sites. If possible, you can also surf the Internet to find some information about historic religious sites. Please take notes of some information about historic religious sites and bring your notes here tomorrow.

[Explanation]

第二部分回家作业主要是为下一堂课的Project作一些材料收集上的准备工作。


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