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高三英语 Module 9 Unit 4 Word Power

牛津高中英语教学设计

教  材:牛津高中英语 (模块九) 高三上学期

文档内容:教学设计——教案

单  元:Unit 4 Behind beliefs

板  块:Word power

Teaching aims:

After learning this section, the students will be presented different expressions related to religious and some religious words. They will read a passage about religions around the world and then learn some religious expressions that are used in everyday English without religious meaning. Exercises are designed for students to practice and reinforce the new vocabulary they have just learnt. Students are expected to make themselves familiar with the expressions related to religion.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Lead-in

1. Holy places of different religions

Show students pictures of temples of Buddhism.

Temples are a good choice for Buddhists to worship in, and where do other religious people go to worship?

(Possible answer: Muslims say prayers five times a day. They pray in a building called mosque.)

2. Introduction of mosque

What are the architectural features of a mosque?

(Possible answer: The architecture of mosque is unique. It is based on Muslim traditions and uses of the mosque.)

It is said that the first mosque was built based on the structure of Muhammad’s house in the city of Medina. Basically, a mosque consists of a courtyard, a domed hall and a fountain. Before prayer, people need to wash themselves in the fountain and then they can worship in the courtyard or the hall facing the holy city of Mecca. The wall facing Mecca is called qibla. It is not allowed to draw human forms in the mosque, so all the decorations appear as shapes such as circles and squares.

3. Other places for worship

Show pictures and introduce.

Christians worship in a church.

Jews pray in a synagogue and rest.

Hindus worship at a Hindu temple.

[Explanation]

这个步骤是本课时的导入部分。从学生已经熟悉的中国佛教寺庙谈起,学生已经知道寺庙是佛教徒参拜和活动主要场所,由此引出其他宗教的活动场所的小结。并分析存在的共性。这样的导入对下面要阅读的短文起了很好的引导作用。

 

Step 2 Religions around the world

1. Common features

There are so many beliefs or religions, what else do you think that they have something in common?

(Possible answer: 1. Different from superstition, which has no central beliefs. 2. Encourage people to do good. 3. Have a power to call on people to devote themselves to that religion. 4. Sometimes restrictive or judgmental of people’s lives. 5. Help people live their lives in a positive way. 6. Motivate people to be compassionate, kind and loving.)

2. More information about different religions.

Read the short passage on Page 54 Part A. Try to find the following information and fill in the blanks.

What are the most popular religions in the world?

What do we call the people who believe in a religion?

Who do people believe in each religion?

What religious books do people use?

What place do people worship in?

Hinduism

Founded in India, 4,500 years ago

Believers called Hindus

Worship different gods

Vedas as the religions book

Strict rules to be followed

Worship at a temple

Buddhism

Began 2,500 years ago

Believers are called Buddhists

Worship in a temple

Judaism

Began over 2,000 years ago

The Torah as the religious book

The Jewish Sabbath on Saturday

Worship in a synagogue

Christianity

Believers are called Christians

About 2,000 years old

Originally a part of Judaism

Believe in God and Jesus—the son of the God

The Bible as the religious book

Worship in a church

Islam

Started about 1,400 years ago

Believers are called Muslims

Believe in Allah

Pray five times a day

Worship in a Mosque

The Koran as the religious book

3. Exercise–Part B

Wang Gang wants to remember the new words in the article. He has made a chart. Help him complete the chart. Read the article again if necessary.

[Explanation]

这个步骤的设计主要就是围绕五种宗教的主要情况展开,通过图片和文章的阅读总结五种宗教的基本情况对比,让学生熟悉宗教词汇,了解宗教常识。

 

Step 3 Religious words

1. lead-in—the word ‘Bible’

Question: Does Bible always mean Bible book?

The Bible, as the written word of God, is the essential text of Christianity.

   e.g. The Michelin guide is my Bible when I go to France.

(= a book or something regarded as authoritative)

Religious words are now often used in everyday English without a religious meaning.

Question: Can you tell me some words or expressions related to religion?

 

2. Analysis of three examples of religious words

  1) Angel

•    Sarah felt that an angel from heaven was helping her.

(In religious books, an angel refers to a messenger and servant of God, usually represented as a person with wings and dressed in white.)

•    To my uncle, my cousin was a little angel.

(While in our daily speaking, it can refer to a person who is very kind or you are very grateful to. When it is used to describe a child, it means the child behaves well.

2) Devil

•    The Bible talks about the devil as the source of evil in the world.

(In the religious term, it means the most powerful evil spirit.)

•    I was a naughty child—a real little devil.

(While in our daily conversation, it refers to a person who behaves badly.)

  3) Soul

•    Christians believe that doing good things save their souls.

(In the religious term, it means the spirit inside one’s body, or the part of a person that is not the body. The soul is believed not to die even if the body is dead.)

•    Listening to beautiful music is good for the soul.

(While in our daily conversation, it refers to a kind of human feeling which helps us recognize, create and enjoy the work of art.)

3. Finish Exercise B on Page 55.

Answers: soul, angel, devil

4. Complementary religious words

paradise, idolise, faith, pray, worships, Mecca, angel, shrine

1. You’ve done the washing up. You’re an absolute _________.

2. Mark has fallen in love with a girl called Kirsty. He ________ the ground she walks on!

3. We’ve just come back from a week in Barbodos. It was absolute _________.

4. Brian was doing a great job at first but recently the team have lost _______ in him.

5. Most young boys __________ David Beckham.

6. The barbecue is on Saturday. Let’s just ________ it doesn’t rain.

7. Elvis Presley’s house in Memphis has been turned into a _________ in his country.

8. St Andrews is a ________ for golfers from all over the world.

Answers: 1. angel  2. worship  3. paradise  4. faith  5. idolise  6. pray  7. shrine  8. Mecca

 

[Explanation]

这个环节重点在宗教词汇在现代英语中的新的含义,从学生熟悉的词汇开始入手,通过例句分析体会含义上的转变。重点介绍书上三个宗教词汇的含义,并且用练习的方法补充介绍其他宗教词汇的应用。


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