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高三英语 Module 9 Unit 4 Reading 2

牛津高中英语教学设计

单元:Unit 4 Behind beliefs

板块:Reading 2

Thoughts on the design:

课文教学,除了对文章内容的阅读理解之外,分段讲解课文语言知识点,也是相当重要的。由于短语句子必须在一定语段的情景中才能更好地显示出它的语言交际能力,分析一些复杂句子的结构时,更是只有把句型教学与课文教学有机地结合起来,才能真正把句型学到手,并能在真实的交际中灵活运用。因此在语言点的教学过程中,我主张以段为单位,先逐段通读,整体上把握内容含义,再逐个分析重要语言点,其中讲解操练相辅相成,学生和老师都要动起来。最后再进行一系列由简到难的强化训练,当然都是要在一定语境基础上的,当场巩固当场掌握,从被动接受到主动运用。

Teaching aims:

    After learning the language points in this text, the students will be able to get familiar with the meanings of some words and expressions. Also, the students will be able to use them correctly. Students are expected to go over some important sentence structures and their ability of translating or paraphrasing will also be improved.

Teaching procedures:

Step1    Revision (Competition)  

Hold a competition by asking five students each representing his or her group to write idioms on the blackboard as many as possible. Then ask another five students from each group to explain the idioms written by their group. The group which can write the most idioms and can offer right explanations will win the competition.

Explanation

一直感觉课文语言点的讲评课形式比较刻板,学生们基本上都是以听、记或者机械地回答问题为主,课堂气氛也比较沉闷。因此设计这个竞赛作为整节课的开始,既起到了复习上一节课所学内容的作用,又能有效地让学生参与进来,充分调动学生的积极性,课堂气氛也顿时活跃,为下一步学习作了良性准备。

Step 2    Language points

Paragraph 1

1. Read the paragraph together.

2. Line 1-2 An idiom is a group of words or an expression whose meaning is not straightforward, because it often cannot be understood by looking at the meanings of its separate words.

*Translate the sentence.

Key: 习语是词义不直接的词组或者一种表达方式,因为其意义无法从孤立的单词中获得。

*Separate here is used as an adjective with the meaning ‘each or individual (word in the group of words or the expression)’ or ‘not together’.
e.g. 这对双胞胎共享一个房间,但是他们各自睡一张床。

The twins share one room, but they sleep in separate beds.
 Separate can also be used as a verb, which means ‘to become apart’ or ‘to be not together’.

e.g. 要将两头正在争斗的公牛分开是非常困难的。

It is extremely hard to separate two fighting oxen.

3. in other words   换句话说       类似于 “That is (to say) …”

其他和word有关的短语及固定用法:

in a word    简言之,总之

have a word with sb.     与某人谈一下

have words with sb.      与某人吵架

keep one’s word         守信,信守承诺

Word came that …       有消息称······

课堂操练:

Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard—______, you failed.

A. in the end                B. after all

C. in other words            D. at the same time

Key: C

 

4. a number of 许多(用于修饰可数名词)

  the number of … 的数目

课堂操练:

The number of the stamps _____ limited, so a number of people _____ to have a look at them.

A. are; want                B. is; wants            C. is; want             D. are; wants

Key: C

 

 

Paragraph 2

1. Read the paragraph.

2. Line 9: The Bible was first written in Hebrew and Greek, both of which use many idioms.

*Translate the first sentence.

《圣经》最初是用希伯来文和希腊语写成的,这两种语言都是用很多习语。

*代词+of which/whom引导定语从句的用法:

most, both, all, neither, either, none等代词+of whom(指人)/which(指物)可以引导定语从句。如:

She has two daughters, neither of whom lives at home.

He has five dictionaries, all of which are practical.

*代词+of whom(指人)/which(指物)引导定语从句也可转换成of whom(指人)/which(指物)+代词引导定语从句。如:I have many story books, of which all are interesting.

【考例】Last week, only two people came to look at the house, ______ wanted to buy it.        A. none of them                          B. both of them 

C. none of whom                    D. neither of whom            (2007 安徽)

Key: D

简析:D。定语从句与先行词可连成neither of the only two people came to look at the house,因此应填neither of whom引导定语从句。

3. the connection to … 也可以用介词with    与······的联系

4. before long  不久以后,很快    long before   很久以前

5. be used to do 被用来做某事  used to do 过去常常做某事  be used to doing习惯于做某事

课堂操练:

As a young man, Tom used to     in the town, ________ to find a job for a few coins.

A. knocking about; waited          B. knocked down; waiting

C. knock about; waiting           D. knocked down; waited

Key: C

Key: C

Paragraph 3

1. Read the paragraph.

2. Line 15-16  A biblical idiom is often an expression that underline the moral of a story and gave audiences a picture to help them understand the story better.

  *Translate the first sentence.

Key: 圣经习语就是强调某一故事寓意的一个词组,给听众或读者一个意象以帮助他们更好地理解故事。

3. strike/hit/pat sb. on the 部位

4. a hidden weakness  隐藏的弱点,不为人知的弱点  hidden过去分词作定语

Paragraph 4-5

1. Read the paragraph.

2. Line32-33  It comes from a story in the Bible, where a son left home to waste all of his time and money in amusing himself … To hiring himself out to feed pigs, he realized …

  waste/spend time (in) doing sth. 浪费/花时间做某事

  hire sb. out 受聘于

3. Line35-36 In honour of his return, his father killed and cooked a calf that had been allowed to grow fat so that they could have a feast.

in honor of … 为了纪念,为了欢迎,为了庆祝

课堂操练:

Christmas is a Christian holy day usually celebrated on December 25th ____ the birth of Jesus Christ.

A. in accordance with     B. in terms of    C. in favor of    D. in honor of

Key: D

Paragraph 6

1. Read the paragraph.

2. things related to food   与食物有关的东西

be related to sb./sth.     与某人或某事物有关

e.g. Wealth is seldom related to happiness. 财富鲜与幸福相关。

 

Paragraph 7

1. Read the paragraph.

2. Line 51-52  When you have a thorough understanding of English idioms and their origins, you can better understand and appreciate the history and cultures of English-speaking countries because idioms are carriers of history and culture.

  Translate the first sentence.

Keys: 透彻了解英语习语及其起源,你可以更好地理解和欣赏英语国家的历史和文化,因为习语是历史和文化的载体。

    * a thorough understanding   透彻的理解

Explanation

以段为单位,先逐段通读,整体上把握内容含义,再逐个分析重要语言点,其中讲解与操练相辅相成,注重的并非是字词短语的死记硬背,而是在具体语境中的实际运用。包括一些复杂句型的翻译分析,不光从语法的角度分析,也要从整个段落的意思分析。让学生明白学语言的最终目的是为了交际。

Step 3    Practice

Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box below. Change the form where necessary.

by and by    be used to do     in other words   in honour of     strike sb/sth on the …     have a thorough understanding of    have a connection to     be proud of  be related to      waste time doing

1. Computers ______________ help us make many things easy.

2. It will come all the easier to like him __________ when we are all together.

3. The stadium was named ____________ the club’s first chairman.

4. Chinese people _______________ their motherland that has made such great achievement during the last ten years.

5. The football _________________ back suddenly.

6. The doctor said that his disease ____________________ the bad working conditions.

7. Never draw a conclusion until you __________________________ what I say.

8. He didn’t do well in the College Entrance Examination. ________________, he may not go to any key university.

9. Nowadays many teenagers are ____________________ computer games.

10. What we will discuss today ____________________ the increasingly terrible traffic.

Keys: 1. are used to   2. by and by   3. in honor of   4. are proud of   5. struck me on the  6. had a connection to   7. have a thorough understanding of   8. In other words   9. wasting time playing   10. is related to

Explanation

当场所学的内容当场进行巩固检查,将机械的短语灵活的使用在不同的语境中,才算是达到了语言点教学课的教学目标。

Step 4   Homework

1. 复习课文中的有关短语和句型,准备听写。

2. Workbook等教辅材料上有关语言点的练习。

Explanation

及时对所学知识进行复习巩固,该记忆的记忆,该练习的练习,光记不练印象不深刻,所学东西不扎实,而光练不记则会盲目地重复错误。只有将两者结合起来,才能将语言点扎扎实实地掌握。


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