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高一英语 Module 1 Unit 3 Grammar 1

Module 1 Unit 3 Grammar 1

Teaching aims:

1. After going over the Restrictive Attributive Clause, the students will be able to learn and master Non-restrictive Attributive Clause;

2. After mastering the usage of Non-restrictive Attributive Clause, the students will be able to finish some exercises about different kinds of Attributive Clause.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Revision and Lead-in

In the last several units, we have learned some kinds of Attributive Clause.

Can you tell me basic structure of Attributive clause?

名词 / 代词 + 关系代词 / 关系副词 + 不完整的句子

Fill in the chart.

关系词

先行词(物)

先行词(人)

 

定语

时间

状语

地点

状语

原因

状语

主语

宾语

主语

宾语

 

 

关系

代词

which

 

 

 

 

 

 

that

 

 

 

 

who

 

 

 

 

 

 

whom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

whose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

关系副词

when

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

where

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

why

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Read the following sentences and fill in the blanks using the relative pronouns and the relative adverbs.

1.      The person _______ is standing there is my teacher.

2.      The person ________ you spoke just now is my teacher.

3.      The person ________ you spoke to just now is my teacher.

4.      I bought a car__________ cost little.

5.      The car __________ I bought yesterday cost little.

6.      This school is the one _________ I studied ten years ago.

7.      This is the little girl ___________ parents were killed in the earthquake.

8.      The boss in ________ company my father worked is a very kind man.

9.      I will remember that day __________ I first came to Beijing.

10.  There are several minutes reasons _________ we can’t do that.

1.      who/that  2.to whom  3.who/whom/that  4. which/that  5. which/that

6. in which/where  7.whose   8.whose  9. when/on which  10.why/for which

[Explanation]

教师引导学生回想定语从句的基本结构——先行词+关系词+从句,并板书强调此结构。然后,让学生完成关系词表格填空练习。此环节以公式和表格形式让学生自我检测对定语从句基本结构以及关系词的熟悉情况,简单明了,有利于快速激活学生已有的知识。

(PPT4—8,用于复习与导入环节,首先复习和操练已学过的定语从句。)

 

Step 2 Presentation

Show some pictures about the earthquake in Wenchuan.

1. What happened on May 12th?

Where is Wenchuan?

2.      What time did the quake take place?

What were most of the students doing at that time?

3.      Where were most of them having classes?

What happened to the teaching buildings?

4.      Why did the teaching buildings fall down?

Were they strong enough?

5.      What happened to the people in Wenchuan?

   Therefore, they can’t lead a peaceful life, can’t they?

6.      Though many people suffered a lot in the quake, are there any survivors whose stories are encouraging?

1)    A big earthquake hit Wenchuan, which lies in the north of Sichuan.

2)    The quake took place on Monday afternoon, when most of the students were having classes.

3)    The teaching buildings, where most of the students were having classes, fell down.

4)    The teaching buildings, most of which were not strong enough, fell down.

5)    People in Wenchuan, who used to lead a peaceful life, became homeless after the quake.

6)    There are many survivors whose stories are encouraging.

7)    They couldn’t lead a peaceful life at that moment, which made all the people in the world worried.

Can you find some differences between the first five sentences and the 6th sentence?

[Explanation]

以往的语法课往往呈现语法形式让学生明白本节课的内容。教师通过解释语法形式所表达的意义,帮助学生学习和认识语法点,为接下来的操练做好铺垫。笔者以汶川大地震为背景,在与学生的交谈中引入非限制性定语从句。再创设情景使学生在交流中体会语法点的交际功能。作为本节课语法点的呈现,不仅呈现非限制性定语从句的形式,而且注重在交际中传达其意义及用法。

(PPT9—19,教师先出示两张风景优美的图片让学生猜这个美丽的地方是哪里,学生不知道答案,接着教师问五月十二日发生了什么事情,教师边点击图片边问问题,最后把师生之间的问和答,用非限制性定语从句呈现出来,并阅读这些句子。)

 

Step3 Non-restrictive Attributive clauses

     I. Let’s look at some examples. Look and analyze the sentences.

Can you find differences between the Non-restrictive Attributive Clause and Restrictive Attributive Clause?

      Who can answer this question? Ask students to discuss in pairs and tell as much difference as possible.

    a. There is a comma before the Non-Restrictive Attributive Clause.

    b. We can’t use “that” in this kind of sentences.

    c. And we can’t miss the relative words, either.

    II. Let’s look at some examples:

a. They couldn’t lead a peaceful life at that moment, which made all the people in the world worried.

b. We can use “which” to refer to the whole main clause.

c. OK, and we can’t use “that”.

III. Other examples.

The teaching buildings, most of which were not strong enough, fell down.

a. Many people, some of whom are not overweight, are going on diets.

b. China has hundreds of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan.

c. I have two books, both of which were bought in America.

      We can find a new kind of Attributive Clause.

      We can use most/all/both/part/of + whom/which to express a complete to partial quantity.

[Explanation]

     新课程标准、新教材都主张采用“发现式”语法教学,教学要点源于教材中生动的背景材料,让学生感受语言、通过思考、分析和归纳,发现语法规律,并在足够的语境支持下反复再现语法现象,从而实现从教材中来,到应用中去。笔者通过列举三种类型比较简单的句子,让学生采取讨论式发现并归纳出非限制性定语从句的特点。因为这是针对刚刚进入高一的学生,不需要全面,更没有必要列举高考中的要点,教师可根据班级情况,适当补充。

    (PPT20—26通过上一环节的句子呈现,让学生得出非限制性定语从句的最基本的特征。然后展示第4句、第7句,让学生发现,并归纳出这两种从句的用法和特点。

 本环节笔者呈现几组幻灯片,引导学生回忆非限制性定语从句的功能和特点。)

Step4 Practice

     Let’s finish the given exercises on Pages 48-49.

     Join each pair of sentences to form one sentence. (Part A)

  1. Amy is an actress.

      She is Zhou Ling’s friend.

      Amy, who is an actress, is Zhou Ling’s friend. / Amy, who is Zhou Ling’s friend, is an actress.

   2.  The doctors at the hospital tried their best to save Amy.

Amy spent about two months in that hospital.

The doctors at the hospital, where Amy spent about two months, tried their best to save Amy. / The doctor at he hospital tried their best to save Amy, who spent about two months there.

3.  Amy eats lots of fruits and vegetables.

      All of them are good for her health.

      Amy eats lots of fruits and vegetables, all of which are good for her health.

4.  Amy sometimes goes for a walk in the afternoon.

       It is fine and warm in the afternoon.

Amy sometimes goes for a walk in the afternoon, when it is fine and warm.

5.  My uncle is an engineer and is working in Beijing.

       I told you about him yesterday.

       My uncle, about whom I told you yesterday, is an engineer and is working in Beijing.

6.  Mike has decided to visit the Great Wall next month.

      His hobby is traveling.

Mike, whose hobby is traveling, has decided to visit the Great Wall next month.

[Explanation]

教师引导学生复习非限制性定语从句的基本知识进入运用定语从句的学习环节。为了紧扣本单元话题,既可以复习Reading里的内容,又可复习“Word Power”里的有关运动的建议。这一练习提供不同的情景,为学生在语篇中操练和运用定语从句奠定基础。在语篇输入同时,学生的积极情感因素得到激发,对提高学习效率有促进作用。

 

Step5 Multiple choices

     Finish the following exercises and check the answers. The students should give necessary explanation.

[Explanation]

先让学生独立完成选择练习,然后采用抽查方式,由每个小组中个别学生讲述答案及其理由。本环节旨在让学生通过自查,复习和巩固非限制性定语从句中的特殊规则。(PPT28—30让学生操练定语从句的用法。)

 

Step6 Consolidation

1. Finish Part C1 on page104 in workbook.

2. After finishing it, according to the information, write a composition by using as many as attributive clauses.

[Explanation]

本环节已进入语言的运用过程,这个练习的每道题都具有延续性,并且都是同一个话题,紧扣本单元的主题,通过两种定语从句来改写句子,学生完成第一项任务之后 ,笔者要求学生根据句子的情景,运用恰当的连接词,把这些句子串连在一起,就成了一篇紧扣本单元主题的简要概述,并提出要求,让学生尽可能多地使用定语从句。

 

Step7 Homework

  Complete Part B with who, whose, which, where or when.

[Explanation]

课外作业是课堂教学的延续和升华。


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